218071 Workplace Accidents in Spanish Regions (1999-2008)

Sunday, November 7, 2010

José Aureliano Martín Segura, PhD, Prof , Department of Management, Granada University, Ceuta, Spain
José Luis Navarro Espigares, PhD, Prof, Mgr , Economic Department, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain
Pedro González de la Flor, MD, PhD , Preventive Medicine Department, University General Hospital of Jaén, Jaén, Spain
Alejandro Ramirez Sr. , Student, GRANADA UNIVERSITY, Ceuta, Spain
Irene Martín Fernández, Student , Economic Department, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
Great differences among Spanish regions have been observed in previous investigations regarding accidents at the workplace. Murcia, Navarre, the Balearic Islands, and the Basque Country were in the group of Communities with the highest risks of occupational injury in the period 1994-2004.

A number of studies, such as the ones by ILO and WHO, have shown type of contract and working conditions to be associated with workplace accidents.

In this study, data on work accidents as dependent variable and building construction, total employment, company size, and type of contract as independent variables were included in the econometric panel data model. This panel integrates information from 19 regions during 1999-2008. By means of statistical analysis of covariance, we studied the variability in work accidents among different regions and years. In addition, by applying the econometric panel data model with fixed effects, the role played by other variables was evaluated.

The results of F test showed that both the regional and time factors had a statistically significant influence on work accident variability. In the group of regions with higher accident rates, the Balearic Islands had the greatest variability.

This model also confirmed that type of contract (particularly if temporary) was the structural cause that explains the work-related accident rate in Spain. In contrast with previous publications, size of firms was not a determinant factor of workplace accidents in our study. This could be due to the effect of a new law regarding prevention and safety at the workplace, implemented in 1995.

Learning Areas:
Occupational health and safety

Learning Objectives:
-Dar a conocer los índices de accidentes de trabajo en las regiones españolas  -Analizar los factores determinantes que explican las diferencias regionales en los accidentes de trabajo  -Para comparar los resultados de un modelo econométrico de datos de panel con las publicaciones anteriores

Keywords: Injury Risk, Injury Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I work as a lecturer in the Department of Management, Granada University (Spain). I also work as a labor lawyer in the Trade Union CCOO of Spain.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.