218949 Understanding Intimate Partner Violence in Young Hispanic Women in a Houston inner-city clinic

Monday, November 8, 2010

Martha Treviño, PhD (c), MSN, FNP-BC , Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Population Health Sciences, Ob-Gyn Dept., University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX
Lucero Salicru, MSN, MPH, CNM, FNP , Magnolia Health Center, Neighborhood Services Division, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX
Algia Hickenbotham, MEd, RN-BC , Division Manager, Nursing and Health Center Operations, City of Houston, Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX
Cristina Barroso, DrPH , Division of Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, Brownsville, TX
Zhao Wu, PhD , Obstetrics and Gynecology 0587, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX
The Hispanic population is the fastest growing minority group in the United States (U.S.). Acculturation to the U.S. may trigger stressors in Hispanics as they adapt to the American way of life. Young Hispanic women in particular may be vulnerable to risk behaviors such as intimate partner violence (IPV) as a result of cultural values and traits. Immigrant specific traits that may facilitate the manifestation of violent behaviors may include factors such as isolation, economic status, and undocumented status, lack of social support and language barriers.

The Magnolia Health Center serves approximately: 3355 family planning; 4000 prenatal care; 4500 adult and children immunization; and 3500 women's health preventive care office visits per year. Ninety-nine percent of the women served at Magnolia Health Center are of Hispanic descent, with a large majority having recently emigrated from Latin American countries. The majority of the population served at the Magnolia Health Center is uninsured and falls at the 150-200% poverty level.

The purpose of this survey was to understand the intimate partner violence prevalence in young Hispanic women; to assess the IPV and its association with acculturation; to assess IPV and its association with the role of family. A self-administered survey was conducted as part of the first author's study, “Acculturation, Prescription Drug Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence in Young Hispanic Women”. The data presented at this time includes analysis of a demographic questionnaire, a familism questionnaire, the Conflict Tactic Scale, and acculturation measured by proxy items and by the Brief ARMSA-II questionnaire.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Public health or related research
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
To assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence in young Hispanic women in an inner-city clinic To identify the acculturation level and its association with Intimate Partner Violence in young Hispanic women To analyze the role of the family and its association with Intimate Partner Violence in young Hispanic women

Keywords: Immigrant Women, Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral candidate in a Population Health Science program, with a primay focus in health disparities. I have over 22 years as a nurse working with underserved populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.