218987 Neighborhood socioeconomic status, racial/ethnic composition, and the risk for youth violence: An analysis among Latino, Black, and White adolescents

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Lorena Estrada-Martinez, PhD, MPH , Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture, & Health, Room 2863, Univ of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
Cleopatra Caldwell, PhD , Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
Amy J. Schulz, PhD MPH , Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
Ana V. Diez Roux, MD, PhD , Department of Epidemiology, Center for Integrative Approaches to Health Disparities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
Studies on Latinos and youth violence are limited by the homogenization of all groups under a pan-ethnic label, obscuring possible differential effects of risk and protective factors across subgroups. Segmented assimilation theories shed some light on sources of differences among Latinos, specifically processes that affect neighborhood socioeconomic and residential environments, which have been associated with differential rates of youth violence. This study examined: 1) the effect of neighborhood SES and racial/ethnic composition on the risk for violent behaviors, and 2) whether neighborhood racial/ethnic composition moderates the association between neighborhood SES and violent behaviors among Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Black, and White youths using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Neighborhood SES was associated with youth violence; however, none of the ethnic minority or mixed neighborhoods differed from White neighborhoods in their risk for violence after accounting for SES. Further, moderation analysis indicated that the effects of neighborhood SES on violence differed in Black and mixed neighborhoods compared to White neighborhoods. Results indicated that neighborhood SES did not have a protective effect among racial/ethnic minority neighborhoods. Moreover, the risk for violent behaviors differed for racial/ethnic minority youths according to the type of neighborhood in which they lived. Implications of findings for youth violence prevention will be discussed.

Learning Areas:
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Discuss the impact of structural assimilation on violent behaviors among different Latino ethnic youths. 2. Discuss the contributions of neighborhood risk and protective factors in youth violence among Latinos of different ethnic backgrounds.

Keywords: Violence, Adolescents

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the primary investigator of this study
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.