219468 Racial disparities between Latina and non-Latina White women in factors associated with HPV vaccination

Monday, November 8, 2010

Rachel Reimer, PhD , College of Health Sciences, Public Health Department, Des Moines University, Des Moines, IA
Megan Roberts, BA , Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
Meg Gerrard, PhD , Cancer Control Research Program, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Lebanon, NH
Frederick Gibbons, PhD , Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
The purpose of this research was to examine social and behavioral factors that contribute to the racial disparity in prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and risk for cervical cancer. HPV is the most common STI in the United States and Latina women are at a disproportionate risk of HPV and cervical cancer relative to other racial/ethnic groups. Research on the prevalence and predictors of HPV vaccination is emerging, but often conducted without a focus on the Latina population. For example, Roberts et al., (Roberts, Gerrard, Reimer, & Gibbons, in press) examined 972 predominately white college females to examine factors associated vaccination. Results revealed that mother's approval of HPV vaccination, mother-daughter communication about sex, and daughter's perceptions of vulnerability to HPV were positively associated with vaccination. The current reserch used an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse community sample to expand this previous research, by examining how socio-cultural factors may differentially affect vaccination behaviors of Whites and Latinas. Three-hundred-twelve Latina and White (N = 150) women (aged 15-30) participated in a cross-sectional survey study. Results revealed that HPV knowledge, descriptive norms, and injunctive norms predicted vaccination status among all participants. Significant interactions with race emerged, such that Latinas with greater levels of religiosity, greater levels of mother-daughter communication about values, and lower levels of descriptive norms had lower probabilities of having received the HPV vaccine. Results suggest that cultural factors such as religiosity, norms, and mother-daughter communication may affect vaccination behavior among Latinas differently than among Whites.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Participants will be able to identify and explain how socio-cultural constructs, such as norms and religiosity, may affect HPV vaccination behavior differently for Latinas than for Whites.

Keywords: Immunizations, Health Disparities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an author on the content I am responsible for becuase I hold a PhD in psychology, and I am the primary investigator or co-investigator the studies to be presented.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.