220282 Gender and Ethnicity as Predictors of PA and Social Cognitive Theory Beliefs in Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Amber Bridges-Arzaga, BS , Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX
Joe Tomaka, PhD , College of Health Sciences, UT El Paso, El Paso, TX
Dejan Magoc, PhD , Department of Health Studies, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL
Background: Examined how physical activity (PA) and Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) variables related to gender and ethnicity. Specifically, we compared Hispanic (men and women) to their non-Hispanic white (NHW) counterparts. Social Cognitive Theory constructs included outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, self-regulation (goals and plans) and social support (friends and family). Methods: Hispanic (n = 240) and NHW (n = 92) students participated in the study by completing a survey that contained measures of PA (i.e., the International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and SCT variables. Results: A series of 2 x 2 (gender by ethnicity) ANOVAs revealed multiple main effects and interactions. Regarding PA, NHW students were more physically active than Hispanic students (p < .05) and men were more active than women (p < .05). Regarding SCT variables, men reported greater self-efficacy and self-regulation (goals and plans) than women (all p < .05), but these variables did not vary by ethnicity. A significant interaction showed Hispanic women to report the greatest family support for PA (p < .05); women overall reported greater friend support (p < .05). A significant interaction also showed that Hispanic males and NHW females reported the greatest expectancies for body image (p < .05). Finally, two significant interactions showed Hispanic males to have greater expectancies for psychological outcomes and competition (both p < .05) than all other groups. Conclusion: Gender and ethnicity are important predictors of PA, as well as beliefs about PA based on SCT. The results have implications for intervention with the various subgroups.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe ethnic (Hispanic vs. NHW) and gender disparities in physical activity Describe ethnic and gender differences in Social Cognitive Theory Constructs Relate ethnic (Hispanic and NHW) disparities in PA to differences in Social Cognitive Theory Constructs

Keywords: Physical Activity, Ethnic Minorities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: BS in Health Promotion; Graduate student in public health program
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.