220809 Occupational Hazard Exposures, Protective Behaviors and Related Factors of Physicians in Taiwan

Monday, November 8, 2010

Fu-Li Chen, PhD , Department of Public Health, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Sinjhuang,Taipei county, Taiwan
Ying-Lin Chen, MS , Department of Public Health, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Sinjhuang,Taipei county, Taiwan
Yu-Wen Lin, PhD , Department of Public Health, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Sinjhuang,Taipei county, Taiwan
Peter Y. Chen, PhD , Department of Psychology, Safety Management Applied Research Team, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
Chin-Sheng Tang, PhD , Department of Public Health, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Sinjhuang,Taipei county, Taiwan
OBJECTIVES: Physicians are at risk for occupational exposure to multi-hazards due to the complication of the working environment. Limited documentations integrated the exposure profiles for health professionals. This study aimed to identify the workplace hazard exposures and protective behaviors of physicians, as well as to reveal the predictive factors of the protective behaviors. METHODS: This study was approved by the IRBs of participated hospitals. In total, 189 doctors of five hospitals in Taipei area completed the survey, with a response rate of 41.09%. The occupational exposures were categorized as five aspects, chemical hazard, biological hazard, physical hazard, ergonomic and workplace violence. Crosstab, correlation and multiple regression statistical techniques were used in this study. RESULTS: Overall, ergonomic exposure frequency (56.9%) was the highest one in the five aspects. Surgeons had higher exposure frequencies of biological, ergonomic, and physical hazards than internists did. Emergency room physicians experienced a higher workplace violence exposure than surgeons and internists did. Higher frequencies were reported in the protective behaviors of biological hazard (56.5%) and workplace violence (54.7%) of the five aspects. The physicians' protective behaviors negatively correlated with hazard exposure significantly. Multiple regression results demonstrated that physicians' protective behaviors were positively associated with health risk perception, self-efficacy, job demands, and safety climate. (Adjust R2=0.171).CONCLUSIONS: Physician occupational hazard exposures can be decreased by promoting their protective behaviors. This finding suggests that building workplace safety climate and empowering physician's occupational hazard risk perception and self-efficacy will be effectively to promote protective behaviors at work.

Learning Areas:
Environmental health sciences
Occupational health and safety
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1.List the Occupational Hazards Exposures of physicians in different departments of health care settings. 2.Describe the protective behaviors of physicians when they are exposed the Hazards Exposures at work. 3.Analyze the correlation of Occupational Hazards Exposures and relevant protective behaviors of physicians. 4.Analyze the predictive factors of the protective behaviors of physicians.

Keywords: Occupational Exposure, Health Care Workers

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I am the Principal Investigator and oversee programs such as the survey of occupational hazard exposures and Protective Behaviors of physicians
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.