221919 Collaborative approach to reducing health disparities in individuals with disabilities

Wednesday, November 10, 2010 : 9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

Stephen L. Firsing III III, MPA, MA , Dept of Human Studies, College of Arts and Sciences, Univ of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Brian F. Geiger, EdD, FAAHE , College of Arts & Sciences, School of Education, Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Priya Chandan, BS , School of Medicine and School of Public Health, Univ of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Marcia O'Neal, PhD , College of Arts and Sciences/School of Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Retta Evans, PhD , College of Arts and Sciences, School of Education, Univ of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Background: In 2007, an estimated 480,000 adults aged 18 to 64 years in Alabama had a sensory, physical, mental, and/or self-care disability. Little is known about barriers to accessing health information and clinical services for individuals with disabilities. In 2008, the Alabama Council for Developmental Disabilities and National Network of Libraries of Medicine funded a statewide needs assessment to gather this data. Methods: Needs assessment surveys were developed for four audiences: individuals with disabilities, families/caregivers, health profession students, and service providers. Researchers and working group members selected survey items from HINTS 2007 (NCI, 2008), composed and reviewed new items, and offered surveys in Spanish, printed, and online formats. Statewide dissemination was achieved through agency and individual contacts, professional meetings, and news release (N = >1200). Results: Six video educational modules were produced to address needs of the four target audiences as identified by the surveys: Preparing to Visit your Health Care Provider; Staying Healthy Between Doctor Visits; Using the Internet to Learn about Your Health; Preparing to Treat Patients with Disabilities; Practice Accommodations for Patients with Disabilities; and Disability Etiquette. Modules and supplementary written material are available at www.ucpbham.com. Conclusions: Needs assessment data can be used to develop effective educational materials for multiple audiences that address important issues related to disability, such as 1) accessibility of health care facilities, 2) patient-provider communication, 3) personal health management by consumers and families/caregivers, and 4) sources of trustworthy digital health information.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Other professions or practice related to public health
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe a collaborative approach to address health disparities. 2. Design a statewide needs assessment for multiple audiences. 3. Identify health information and health service needs for multiple audiences, including individuals with disabilities. 4. Explain how innovative technology-based modules may be aligned with identified educational needs of the community

Keywords: Disability, Community Education

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present this program because I am a doctoral student in health education/health promotion, research assistant for the Health Services Training Project, and have been trained in public administration practices.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.