221928 Pictures, posters, and preferences: Determining fish consumption patterns among limited English proficiency anglers

Wednesday, November 10, 2010 : 12:50 PM - 1:05 PM

Tannie Eshenaur, MPH , Environmental Health Division, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, MN
Patricia McCann, MS , Environmental Health Division, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, MN
Mary Elizabeth Berglund, PHN, MAOL , Environmental Health, St. Paul-Ramsey County Department of Public Health, St. Paul, MN
Limited English proficiency populations who are subsistence anglers have disproportionate risk of adverse health effects from contaminants in fish. Cultural and economic considerations work together to increase the reliance of these populations on fish in their diet. In order to address this environmental justice issue, public health educators must have a qualitative and quantitative understanding of fish consumption patterns in the target population. In Minnesota, Hmong anglers constitute a vulnerable population that may not have the same consumption patterns as the general population. However, determining these fish consumption patterns is complicated by a language barrier. In collaboration with a local chapter of Hmong sportsmen, St. Paul-Ramsey County Department of Public Health and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Department of Health staff conducted a needs assessment with novel techniques to engage participants in active responses using pictures, video and spoken words. Participants were animated and enthusiastically provided qualitative and quantitative data on fish preferences and eating frequencies. Through networking in the broader Hmong community, this needs assessment was replicated several times in other Hmong community groups and the results were aggregated. The results will be used in refining risk communication messages and methodologies for Hmong, especially around fish species that are more desirable or consumed more frequently. Needs assessment of limited English proficiency populations requires the active participation of the target population. Using pictures conjoined with oral communication, the participants can provide quantitative and qualitative responses that provide information for the community as well as public health staff.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Environmental health sciences
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. List two challenges in assessing the needs of limited English proficiency populations 2. Identify two ways of using pictures and spoken words to engage and facilitate the participation of limited English proficiency populations

Keywords: Participatory Action Research, Environmental Exposures

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the health education specialist/state expert for risk communication, including the ATSDR Cooperative Agreement program for the state of Minnesota and needs assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation of MN's fish consumption guidelines are part of my position description.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.