222542 Partnering with Community-Based Organizations in Recruiting a Hard-to-Find Population in East Los Angeles

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 8:45 AM - 9:00 AM

Carolyn A. Mendez-Luck, PhD, MPH , School of Public Health; Center for Health Improvement in Minority Elders/Resource Centers for Minority Aging Research, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
Laura Trejo, MPA, MSG , Department of Aging, City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Jeanne Miranda, PhD , Health Services Research Center, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
Elizabeth Jimenez , Senior Health and Information Assistance Program, Mexican American Opportunity Foundation, Los Angeles, CA
Carol M. Mangione, MD, MSPH , Department of Medicine, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA
Special efforts are needed to successfully recruit historically under-represented minorities into research studies. A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach can be critically important for this purpose. This study examined the successes and challenges associated with recruiting hard-to-find participants for two community-based studies on elder caregiving: immigrant, Spanish-speaking women of Mexican origin from East Los Angeles. We conducted a retrospective review of nearly 100 hard copy or electronic study documents, using principles of case study methodology. Results showed that we employed six main strategies to identify, solicit and enroll 157 caregivers for qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys. Strategies included partnering with community-based organizations (CBOs) using a CBPR approach, and using flyers and word of mouth. Partnering with CBOs was most effective for enrolling caregivers into the studies—almost 70% of all enrolled participants attended a targeted CBO-sponsored recruitment event. Least effective was hosting tables at public events and posting flyers throughout the community, resulting in 14 enrolled participants. Results showed that reaching our enrollment goals required time and resources. We spent at least two person-days per week on recruitment-related activities during the studies' active enrollment periods. Our results provide evidence that enrolling under-represented minorities into research is possible using a CBPR approach, provided that researchers have adequate support to engage CBOs and cultivate their support. We capitalized on the infrastructure already in place our academic institution. However, a more resource driven funding model is needed for capacity building at CBOs to sustain their involvement in academic-community partnerships on an ongoing basis.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to 1) identify six recruitment strategies for enrolling minority participants into community-based research studies; and 2) describe at least two resources required to conduct research in a community setting.

Keywords: Community-Based Partnership, Immigrant Women

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: as Principal Investigator, I conceived the studies and conducted the research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.