224009 Assessing and enhancing whole-person wellness in older adults via individualized reports and feedback to providers of senior services

Sunday, November 7, 2010

Perry Edelman, PhD , Institute on Aging, Mather LifeWays, Evanston, IL
Reed Engel, MA, FAWHP , Institute on Aging, Mather LifeWays, Evanston, IL
Erin McCoy Loftus, BS , Institute on Aging, Mather LifeWays, Evanston, IL
This session will describe a unique, comprehensive wellness assessment process conducted with older adults. Findings will be presented related to: current participation levels in six dimensions of wellness, stage of readiness for behavior change, self-efficacy, and satisfaction. Findings indicated that one-quarter of the 265 respondents participated in physical activity for 30 minutes per day and ate five servings of fruits/vegetables per day at least five days per week. As indicated by the proportion of respondents who indicated they participated “1 to 4 times per week” or more, spiritual well-being was enhanced by participation in religious services/spiritual discussions/programs (45%), as well as via meditating/spending time enjoying nature or in deep thought (58%). Although, generally very satisfied, respondents were least satisfied in terms of getting “regular physical activity at least 5 times per week”. This was also reflected in the proportion of respondents in the contemplation and preparation stages of behavior change for the physical dimension (27%). Substantial proportions of respondents also were in those stages for emotional (19%) and vocational dimensions (18%); thus opportunities to improve well-being in these areas exist. Respondents were least confident in their ability to handle stress. Based on their stage of change and self-efficacy, participants received an individualized report with suggestions to improve their well-being in each of the six wellness dimensions. Providers of senior living services received a summary report that they could use to identify ways to enhance their culture of wellness. The contents and use of these reports will be described.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Program planning
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Compare the whole-person wellness of older adults residing in the community to older adults residing in senior living Identify how whole-person wellness information can be used to assist older adults with behavior change, building self-efficacy, and increased satisfaction. Identify how whole-person wellness information can be used by administrators and programming staff to improve whole-person wellness programs, services and other life-enriching opportunities to the benefit of older adults

Keywords: Quality of Life, Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have my doctorate in Psychology, conducted research for over 20 years, presented research at statewide, national and international conferences, and I'm currently the Director of Wellness Research at an institute on aging.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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