225313 REACH US focus group results for four neighborhoods in the city of Cleveland

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 8:30 AM - 8:45 AM

Dianne L. Kerr, PhD, MCHES , Health Education and Promotion, Kent State University, Kent, OH
Amy J. Thompson, PhD, CHES , Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH
Manuella Crawley , Health Education and Promotion, Kent State University, Kent, OH
Jennifer Scofield, MA, CHES , Health Impact Consulting, Inc., Cleveland, OH
Barb Clint , Director of Community Health and Advocacy, YMCA of Greater Cleveland, Cleveland, OH
As part of a CDC REACH US community-based participatory research initiative, four focus groups with a total of 42 participants were conducted in four neighborhoods in inner city Cleveland, Ohio. Participants were recruited by downtown Cleveland YMCA staff and notifed that incentives would be provided (grocery store gift cards) to take part in focus groups on how to improve the health of the community. Focus groups were held at neighborhood libraries. Participants were audio-taped and signed informed consent forms consistent with the research protocol approved by a local university institutional review board. An 11-item moderator's guide was created for the focus groups and a quantitative survey was administered to collect demographic data. Participants were asked what it meant to be healthy, what priority they placed on health, what diseases they were concerned about for friends and family, and how they rated their own risk. Benefits and barriers to physical activity and healthy eating were also addressed. Participants were queried about resources and programs in the area and what they did for their own health. Finally, participants were asked if they would take part in a health screening program and walking program if it were available at neighborhood recreation centers. Response themes were identified based on tallied responses and inter-rater reliability. Results of the focus groups will be presented and highlighted with actual quotes from participants.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify perceived benefits and barriers to physical activity and healthful eating among residents of an urban population. 2. Discuss the perceived importance of health and health seeking behaviors identified by an urban population. 3. Identify urban residents'level of interest to participate in a community-based health screening program and discuss incentives desired by this population.

Keywords: Community Health Assessment, Participatory Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an evaluator for this project and analyzed the data from the focus groups.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.