225411 Socioeconomic status of methamphetamine users: Gender and ethnic differences

Monday, November 8, 2010

Javier Lopez-Zetina, PhD, MA , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Beatriz Sosa-Prado, MPH student , Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Bridget Rogala, MPH, CHES , Substance Abuse Foundation of Long Beach, Inc., Long Beach, CA
Objectives: To describe gender and ethnic differences in socioeconomic status (SES) of methamphetamine users. The study seeks to explore various domains of socioeconomic status and SES differences and similarities in a sample of adult men and women of methamphetamine drug users recruited in drug treatment settings.

Methods: Methamphetamine use, sexual risk behavior, sources of income, characteristics of housing, educational status, and race/ethnicity were ascertained cross-sectionally among persons in drug treatment. The standardized risk assessment survey was administered to 209 persons in San Diego County. Seventy-two percent were male.

Results: This presentation discusses the contextual domain of socioeconomic status and its relationship with methamphetamine use. Specifically, SES indicators, gender and race/ethnicity are examined as predictors of sexual and methamphetamine drug use risk.

Discussion: Illegal substance use, specifically methamphetamine use, continues to pose a significant public health challenge. While a significant body of literature indicates that substance abuse is correlated with socioeconomic status, little is known about specific gender and ethnic differences in SES and its relationship to methamphetamine use risk. Understanding the interaction of gender, ethnicity and SES and its influence on levels of sexual and drug use risk use is crucial for designing successful drug prevention and treatment interventions.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related education
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss, from a behavioral epidemiology perspective, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status and methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors among individuals in drug treatment in Southern California. Recognize risk behaviors as they relate to methamphetamine use and to differences in socioeconomic status. List specific public health challenges for men and women associated with methamphetamine use.

Keywords: Substance Abuse, Latino Caucus

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I was the Principal Investigator of thi study
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.