226785 Aging Into Disability: The Impact of Multiple Disability Profiles and Chronic Conditions on the Likelihood of Labor Force Participation Among Older Workers

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Charles Roehrig, PhD , Altarum Institute, Ann Arbor, MI
Douglas Klayman, PhD , Social Dynamics, LLC, Gaithersburg, MD
Kristen Robinson, PhD , Altarum Institute, Alexandria, VA
Paul Hughes-Cromwick, MA , Altarum, Ann Arbor, MI
Kerry Lida, MSc, MEd , Office of Disability Employment Policy, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC
Sagar Thota, MPP , Social Dynamics, LLC, Gaithersburg, MD
Existing research on aging into disability indicates that labor force participation (LFP) among older workers is tied to labor market dynamics, and a variety of health, social, and economic factors. Previous multivariate research has confirmed the relative importance of social and economic factors and certain disability impairment categories on LFP. Research funded by the Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) breaks new ground in the area of aging into disability by linking supply-side factors, such as chronic health conditions and health behaviors, to demand-side factors, including income availability, job availability, employer-based health insurance coverage, and labor market segment, and calculates their individual and combined impact on LFP. This methodology includes six impairment categories, five chronic conditions, and numerous social and economic factors. In addition, previous research has not measured the importance of labor market segmentation on the LFP of PWD, a population that is consistently allocated to the secondary labor market where upward mobility is limited, job availability is unstable, wages are low, and employee benefits unavailable. ODEP's work in this area applies dual labor market theory using PWD as the subgroup of interest to develop a better understanding of the impact of labor market segmentation on older workers with disabilities.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Demonstrate the contribution of individual and multiple disabilities on the likelihood of disability onset among older workers. Demonstrate the contribution of chronic conditions, combined with individual and multiple disabilities on the likelihood of disability onset among older workers. Using labor market segmentation theory, explain the existence of discrimination against people with disability in the labor market.

Keywords: Disability Studies, Workforce

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: President and founder of Social Dynamics, Dr. Douglas Klayman is an Applied Sociologist. He holds a Doctorate degree in Sociology with emphases in Applied Sociology and Social Stratification. He is an experienced evaluation consultant and expert in the design and implementation of national and community-based evaluation studies, CATI surveys and a range of social research, evaluation and survey training and technical assistance. During the past 22 years, Dr. Klayman has conducted evaluations and analyses of numerous child welfare, education, disabilitiy, social, health and youth services programs, and serves as Project Director and Corporate Monitor on most Social Dynamics contracts. In addition to directing the work of Social Dynamics, Dr. Klayman has served as graduate Program Coordinator and Adjunct Professor in public sociology at American University. He has taught numerous college courses in such areas as policy analysis and research methods at colleges and universities in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Dr. Klayman serves as Editorial Board Member of the journal Contemporary Sociology, member of the American Sociological Association Task Force on Public Sociology, member of the Board of Directors of the Association for Applied and Clinical Sociology (AACS) and reviewer for the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction and the Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology-Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.