226956 What do we know about Central American Immigrant Health? A Review of the Literature

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Jacqueline Torres, MPH, MA , School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Background: There is wide agreement that Latinos should not be treated as a monolithic group in health research and that the health of subgroups needs to be further elucidated. However, little is known about the health of Central American immigrants, the fastest growing Latino immigrant group in the United States. Immigrants from this region have distinct cultural factors, and national and immigration histories. Methods: A search of Medline was conducted using the key words “Central America/n”, “Latino” and each country of origin. Health topics were grouped and significant findings were assessed within each of these areas, with a specific focus on health risk factors and outcomes that differed from other Latino subgroups. Results: Preliminary results as of May 2009 yielded n=47 articles published between 1983 and May 2009. The articles were grouped into the following key topics: 1) the health effects of violence, 2) maternal and child health, 3) STIs and 4) other topics. Results updated through August 2010 will be presented with the final analysis. Conclusion: A small literature has been developed on Central American immigrant groups over the last two decades. However, many gaps remain in our knowledge of determinants of health in this subgroup. Studies reviewed generally have small sample sizes or group Central American immigrants with other Latino immigrants with divergent historical, cultural and immigrant experiences. Further research should focus on improving sampling procedures to analyze data for Central Americans and providing an integrative approach to Central American immigrant health using multidisciplinary methods.

Learning Areas:
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe key findings and significant gaps in research on Central American immigrant health.

Keywords: Immigrants, Latino Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I am a graduate student at the UCLA School of Public Health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 4150.0: General Latino health