226993 Results of a sustainability and organizational capacity assessment of six district-based NGOs in Nepal

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 5:30 PM - 5:50 PM

Timothy Williams, MA, MEM , John Snow, Inc., Arlington, VA
Bimal Chapagain , Health and Development Associates, Inc., Kathmandu, Nepal
NandaMan Sthapit , Health and Development Associates, Kathmandu, Nepal
Sustainability and capacity building of non-government organizations (NGOs) is a key component of the United Nations Population Fund's (UNFPA) efforts to improve reproductive health (RH) outcomes for women, Dalit (lowest caste), and other underserved populations in Nepal. Recent decentralization and social mobilization policies have opened opportunities for NGOs to access public sector funding through District Development Committees (DDCs) and Village Development Committees (VDCs), if they can demonstrate organizational capacity and programs worth supporting. Therefore, UNFPA is currently phasing out direct program support to NGOs and focusing instead on “indirect” capacity building and sustainability. To prepare for this transition, UNFPA/Nepal commissioned an assessment of six Dalit-led NGOs from December 2009 – February 2010. The assessment tool was tailored for the Nepali context and applied during three-day participatory workshops at each NGO. During the workshops, 50 different components or domains were discussed in the areas of financial, organizational, and programmatic sustainability, using a facilitated process leading to consensus. Participants scored each domain on a 1 to 4 scale, based on qualitative descriptions for each possible score. NGOs then developed sustainability action plans including issues needing improvement, actions to address those issues, priorities, responsibilities, budget, and next steps. This presentation will discuss assessment findings, including NGO strengths and weaknesses, proposed actions, recommendations to NGOs and UNFPA, and lessons learned that could apply to other settings. Of particular interest is how donors and public sector can work together to sustain valuable NGO programs in resource-poor settings while reducing direct donor dependence.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
After the presentation, participants will be able to: - Name the main issues and challenges that Dalit-focused NGOs currently face with regard to financing and sustainability of RH programs in Nepal - Describe the methodology and main results of a qualitative assessment of sustainability characteristics six resource-poor NGOs in Nepal - Discuss challenges and opportunities for NGOs to improve organizational capacity and enhance longer term sustainability in the Nepali context

Keywords: Sustainability, Reproductive Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have many years of experience working on and evaluating sustainability of NGOs in many settings.
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes

Name of Organization Clinical/Research Area Type of relationship
United Nations Population Funnd (UNFPA) Organizational assessment Consultant

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.