227753 Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries and Parent Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors of Urban Hispanic Three Year Olds

Wednesday, November 10, 2010 : 9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

Patricia Braun, MD, MPH , Section of General Pediatrcs, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine/Denver Health, Denver, CO
Sarah Ling, MPH , Children's Outcomes Research Center, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, CO
Katina Widmer , Children's Research Program, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO
Karen Savoie, RDH, BS , Colorado Area Health Education Center System, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO
Misoo Ellison, PhD , Biostatistics, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, CO
L. Miriam Dickinson, PhD , Deptartment of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO
Elaine H. Morrato, MPH, DrPH , School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, CO
Matthew Daley, MD , Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO
Background: Hispanics have the lowest dental care utilization of any ethnic population. Previous measurements of early childhood caries(ECC) prevalence (18-22% in children 2-4 years old) may not adequately describe the caries experience of these children.

Objectives: The study describes the 1) prevalence of ECC in urban, poor Hispanic children age 3-3, and 2) parent/caregiver oral health knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors (KABB).

Methods: Cross-sectional cohort study. We measured ECC in a random sample of 3-3 year old children receiving primary medical care in 8 urban community health centers. Three formally calibrated dental providers visually measured surface precavities/cavities with a light source/no probing or x-ray. A written survey (English and Spanish) measured parent/caregiver KABB. Descriptive analysis was completed with outcomes identified as: caries-precaries(d1), decayed(d2+), missing(m), and filled(f) on primary teeth surfaces and KABB.

Results: We evaluated 195 children. Parent/caregivers identified them as Hispanic (77%); 90% had received Medicaid/CHP+; and 59% had previously seen a dental provider. Forty-seven percent of children had baseline caries (d2+mfs) and 29% had precaries (d1) only. Parents/caregivers reported brushing their child's teeth at least once per day (88%) and discontinuing bed-bottle use by 12 months (31%), between 12-18 months (23%), and after 18 months (24%). Twenty percent of parents/caregivers reported never putting their child to bed with a bottle.

Conclusions: The prevalence of ECC in poor, Hispanic, 3-3 year old children is very high. Previous reports of ECC may underestimate the caries experience of these young, at-risk children. Preventive dental services should target this population.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Provision of health care to the public

Learning Objectives:
Describe existing early childhood caries disparities among Hispanics Describe prevalence of ECC in Hispanic Three Year Olds List baseline oral health behaviors of young Hispanic children

Keywords: Early Childhood Caries, Health Disparities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the principal investigator of this evaluation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.