229075 Occupational Injury Surveillance: Nine Year Evaluation of the Usefulness of Minnesota Hospital Discharge Data Systems

Monday, November 8, 2010

Quintin L. Williams Jr., PhD , Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL
Mark Kinde, MPH , Minnesota Department of Health, Injury and Violence Prevention Unit, Saint Paul, MN
Jon Roesler, MS , Center for Health Promotion, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, MN
Anna Gaichas, MS , Center for Health Promotion, Minnesota Dept. of Health, St. Paul, MN
Background: State health agencies rely on occupational injury surveillance to assess specific needs for occupational injury prevention programs and policies and to monitor their effectiveness. To monitor nonfatal occupational injuries, one common and important source is hospital discharge data and this method was used in our study.

Methods: Criteria for identifying occupational injuries in hospital data were developed from the Minnesota Hospital Association uniform hospital discharge data system to form a case definition which included one or more of the following codes: payer identification was workers comp; place of occurrence was a farm, mine and quarry, industrial place and premises; condition code was "employment-related"; occurrence code was "accident, employment-related"; or observation was done following accident at work.

Results: Preliminary analysis from a sample of 100 revealed that the operational definition used for work-related injury was sufficient for gathering the necessary cases to account for occupational related injuries (Positive Predictive Value (PV+) of 90.2%). For nine years of the data from 1998 to 2006, it was determined that 321,120 occupational injuries were admitted as inpatients in Minnesota state hospitals. The most popular category for determining cases was the Occurrence code "accident, employment-related" with 193,270 cases. Nine out of the 10 most injury burdened counties were classified as an urban county.

Conclusions: Occupational injury surveillance is the ongoing process of tracking and monitoring incidence rates, causes, circumstances resulting in fatal and non-fatal injuries and dissemination of this data is imperative in order to prevent these injuries from occurring.

Learning Objectives:
1)Identify how hospital data can be used for ongoing epidemiologic surveillance of occupational injury. 2)Describe how the 'story' told by hospital data may differ from that of other data such as the Department of Labor? 3)Evaluate how hospital reporting of occupational injuries can help to assess the specific needs for occupational injury prevention programs and policies and to monitor their effectiveness.

Keywords: Injury Control, Occupational Surveillance

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I have received a doctoral degree in occupational injury prevention, have conducted research and published on this subject.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.