229103 Emergency preparedness: A simulation experience

Monday, November 8, 2010 : 3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

Gayle W. Bentley, DNP, APRN, BC , College of Nursing, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA
Betty B. Daniels, MN, RN , Sonat, Medical College of Georgia, Atlanta, GA
Peter Way, MSN, RN , School of Nursing, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA
Lori Schumacher, PHD, RN , School of Nursing, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA
BACKGROUND: With the global threats of terrorism, pandemics and other natural and manmade disasters, health care providers must be prepared to respond to disaster situations. DESCRIPTION: Emergency preparedness content was integrated across the curriculum. Initial classroom preparation included understanding the potential public health risks and emergency care worker roles in disasters. In the classroom, students learned triage principles and how to protect themselves. Next, they completed a community assessment to recognize potential for mass casualty events in their community. Analysis of the data enhanced discussion about issues related to emergency events (e.g. safety, food, shelter, exposure, maintenance of special-needs populations) as well as ethical issues. For the application piece, the phases of emergency management were implemented on campus using mock victims in realistic scenarios. High-fidelity simulation was incorporated in a mock ER setting where mock victims emerged onto the scene and were treated amongst the simulators. Using a simulated experience and post analysis reviews, students learned to follow communication plans for emergencies that reflected on their responses to the event. LESSONS LEARNED: Simulation added the dimension of emersion learning as students responded to the unpredictable physical and psychosocial responses of victims, health care workers, and the community. RECOMMENDATIONS: The provision of classroom and application activities enhanced attainment of the knowledge, skills and judgment required to provide the public with safe, effective and ethical care in emergency/disaster situations. Educators can lead emergency preparedness training through incorporation of hands on, real life experiences and controlled decision making through simulation.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related education
Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe a successful teaching strategy for nursing education on emergency preparedness. 2. Identify the student learning outcomes for a simulated emergency preparedness scenario.

Keywords: Disasters, Education

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I qualified to be the presenter becasue I am a doctorally prepared nursing faculty and also conducted this study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.