231353 Comparing the health of ten Chicago racial and ethnic populations

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 2:50 PM - 3:10 PM

Ami Shah, MPH , UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, Los Angeles, CA
Steve Whitman, PHD , Sinai Urban Health Institute, Sinai Health System, Chicago, IL
The Sinai Health System has taken important steps toward eliminating health disparities in Chicago. This community hospital gathered local health survey data about ten Chicago communities and used these data to shape effective community-based initiatives aimed at improving health in vulnerable communities and thus reducing disparities. This randomly selected door-to-door population household survey was conducted in ten Chicago communities, which included Black, White, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cambodian, Chinese, Jewish and Vietnamese populations. These data have led to important public-private and community-driven initiatives addressing high rates of smoking, obesity, pediatric asthma, breast cancer and diabetes in some of Chicago's most vulnerable populations. For example, 40% of adults in a Black community on the Westside (North Lawndale) and among them, nearly 80% had tried to quit in the past year. Such findings were used to obtain a $1.5 million grant from the Illinois Department of Health to target smoking cessation in this community. In addition, 21% of Puerto Rican adults were found to have diabetes, which led to community-medical center partnerships in two of the surveyed communities and two NIH grants totaling $3 million for prevention interventions. Similar initiatives have been put in place involving breast cancer and pediatric asthma. We will first present data findings for the different racial and ethnic populations. Then we will describe how these local data were able to identify specific health problems, inspire community action and guide the development of new interventions. Finally, we will explain how this process can serve as a model for other local communities nationally.

Learning Areas:
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the methods employed to conduct local health surveys in ten Chicago communities 2. Compare unique health problems facing specific racial and ethnic groups in Chicago, including data about Black, White, Puerto Rican, Mexican, Cambodian, Chinese and Vietnamese populations 3. Discuss how these data were used by communities to obtain funding and develop community-based models to address smoking, diabetes, pediatric asthma and depression.

Keywords: Community-Based Public Health, Epidemiology

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I have coordinated the surveys and the dissemination of their findings into programs.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.