232520 Human trafficking: A modern day plague

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 9:06 AM - 9:18 AM

Padmini Murthy, MD, MPH, MS, CHES , New York Medical College School of Public Health, Pleasant Valley, NY
Human trafficking is similar to arms and drug trafficking and is a heinous crime which poses a major threat to the international community. It presents a special threat to women and adolescents, both girls and boys, especially those who have a low socioeconomic status. Trafficking in persons can be separated into two distinct categories: 1.forced labor and 2.prostitution, also known as sex trafficking. Both forms of human trafficking have been especially driven by the growing demands of cheap and profitable unskilled labor and sexual exploitation. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights recognizes it as “one of the world's fastest growing crimes.”4 The United Nations Population Fund's State of the World Population 2006 report states that human trafficking is the third most lucrative illicit business in the world after arms and drug trafficking. Human trafficking in a quantifiable number of cases is a gender-based human rights violation against women and children( especially the girl child). Human trafficking contributes to the spread of sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea and HIV/AIDS. Additionally, victims of trafficking are at an increased risk for depression, post traumatic stress disorders, suicide, and substance abuse. Human trafficking is defined by The UN as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons. It involves using threat, force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, and deception, to control over another person for the purpose of exploitation.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related education
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines

Learning Objectives:
1. Define human trafficking. 2. Describe public health challenges related to human trafficking.

Keywords: Women's Health, Public Health Advocacy

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified as I have been working in the area of health as a physician and public health specialista nd educator for the past 20 years. I have authored and edited a book on womens health and human rights.I have presented at nationala nd international conferences
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.