232521 Human Trafficking: Its impact on MDG 4

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 8:30 AM - 8:42 AM

Cathey Eisner Falvo, MD, MPH , Physicians for Social Responsibitliy, New York, NY
Some estimates have as many as 1.2 million children being trafficked every year. There is a demand for trafficked children as cheap labor or for sexual exploitation. Trafficked children are even arrested and detained as illegal aliens. Facts. UNICEF estimates that 1,000 to 1,500 Guatemalan babies and children are trafficked each year for adoption by couples in North America and Europe. Girls as young as 13 (mainly from Asia and Eastern Europe) are trafficked as mail-order brides. In most cases these girls and women are powerless and isolated and at great risk of violence. Large numbers of children are being trafficked in West and Central Africa, mainly for domestic work but also for sexual exploitation and to work in shops or on farms. Nearly 90 per cent of these trafficked domestic workers are girls. Children from Togo, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana are trafficked to Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Cameroon and Gabon. Children are trafficked both in and out of Benin and Nigeria. Some children are sent as far away as the Middle East and Europe. Sexual exploitation. Sexual activity is often seen as a private matter, making communities reluctant to act and intervene in cases of sexual exploitation. These attitudes make children more vulnerable to sexual exploitation. Myths, such as the belief that HIV/AIDS can be cured through sex with a virgin, technological advances such as the Internet which has facilitated child pornography, and sex tourism targeting children, all add to their vulnerability.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
Define human Trafficking. Describe human trafficking's impact on MDG 4. Describe why children are vulnerable to being trafficked. List at least 3 strategies to protect children from being exploited.

Keywords: Adolescents, Public Health Advocacy

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a physician and public health practioneer for 40 years.I have presented at various nationala and international conferences .
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.