234567 Determinants of HIV/AIDS IN Armed Conflict and Displaced Populations

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Danvas OMare, MPH student , Health Studies, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, PA
Amar Kanekar, MPH, CHES, CPH, PhD , Health Studies, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, PA
More than 40 million people worldwide have been infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) since it was first reported in 1981. Over 25 million of these have lost their lives to the disease. Most of the studies related to HIV/AIDS have been conducted in stable populations across the globe. Few of these studies have been devoted to displaced populations, particularly those in areas of conflict. Displaced populations that are forced to leave their homes in most cases find themselves in unfamiliar territories, often poor and hungry. Many of them become refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). The objective of this narrative review was to address a number of different social determinants of HIV/AIDS in displaced populations in areas of conflict. A comprehensive search of PUB MED database was conducted. The inclusion criteria used for extracting articles were (a) articles published in English language between 1990 and 2010 (b) articles extracted using keywords such as “HIV and war”, “HIV/AIDS and conflict”, AIDS in displaced populations, “AIDS and security” were used. A total of 12 articles were retrieved and analyzed in this study. Results revealed that there were various factors influencing conflict and HIV/AIDS such as forced population displacement, breakdown of traditional sexual norms, lack of health infrastructure, and poverty and powerlessness of women and children. Social determinants of increased HIV/AIDS prevalence in displaced populations are scarcity of food, poverty, insecurity of displaced populations and gender power differentials. Implications and recommendations for future studies are discussed as well.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
1) Discuss the determinants of HIV/AIDS in armed conflict and displaced populations. 2) Describe the process of literature search to retrieve published peer-reviewed literature on studies concerned with determinants of HIV/AIDS in armed conflict and displaced populations. 3) Discuss the importance and need of further research studies in area of HIV/AIDS in armed conflict populations.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a an MPH student in Department of Health Studies
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.