234805 Examining racial differences in knowledge and attitudes of diabetes management in newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Candice N. Jones, RD, LD, CDE , Out-patient Diabetes Center, The Christ Hopsital, Cincinnati, OH
Manoj Sharma, PhD , Health Promotion & Education, University of Cincinnati & Walden University, Cincinnati, OH
Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that can be found in all races, ethnicities, ages, and genders for it does not discriminate. African Americans have the second largest prevalence of diabetes following Alaskan Natives or American Indians. Through the implementation of the levels of disease prevention, African Americans are typically seen in the secondary or tertiary levels due to lack of access to resources located in the primary level. Thus, African Americans are typically diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or as high risk for developing the disease when they are already showing signs and/or symptoms. Among the African American community, studies have shown that many diabetes education programs are not culturally competent, therefore do not meaningfully impact this population. As a result, African Americans often have difficulty achieving optimal diabetes control. The purpose of this study was to examine knowledge and attitude differences among African Americans and Caucasians prior to and after attending a diabetes education program. Furthermore, racial differences in knowledge and attitudes were only assessed among newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes. This study examines whether racial differences were present with a program considered to be a best practice within the field of diabetes. Using a pretest, post-test format, participants (n = 100, 50 African Americans, 50 Caucasians) completed a survey testing knowledge and attitudes about diabetes before and after completion of the selected best practice diabetes education program. Implications for effective diabetes management program are discussed.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
At the end of the sesssion the participants will be able to: 1. Describe the epidemiology of diabetes and attributes of diabetes management programs with a focus on self management. 2. Compare and contrast the racial differences in knowledge and attitudes of diabetes management in African American and Caucasian newly diagnosed diabetics. 3. Evaluate the methodology for conducting a comparative study between African Americans and Caucasians in the field of diabetes.

Keywords: African American, Diabetes

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have conceptualized this study and am collecting data. With my coauthor I will analyze and prepare the manuscript.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.