235922 Relationship Between School Related Factors and Substance Use Behaviors Among Middle School Students

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Michael Dunn, PhD , Health Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN
Pam Nashton-Miller, LMSW, PhD (ABD) , General Psychology-Research and Evaluation, Walden University, Baltimore, MD
Substance use behavior is well documented among adolescents, but less is known about the role of school related factors such as school satisfaction, GPA, and type of schooling (i.e., homeschooling, traditional schooling) on substance use especially among middle school students. As such, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between school satisfaction, GPA, and type of schooling on substance use behavior among middle school students. A total of 14,703 students in grades 6,7,8th completed the National Survey on Drug Use and Health in 2007. Results of this study found that students who were not satisfied with school were significantly more likely to have used cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana (ever, past year, past month). No significant differences were found for smokeless tobacco use, cocaine use or methamphetamine use. Students who reported grades of A or B were significantly less likely to have used cigarettes (ever, past year, past month), smokeless tobacco (ever, past year), alcohol (ever, past year, past month) and marijuana (ever, past year, past month) compared to those students who report grades of C D or F. Lastly, those students who were enrolled in a traditional school were significantly more likely to have used smokeless tobacco (ever, past year, past month) compared to traditional schooled students. Students who were homeschooled were significantly more likely to have used marijuana (ever, past year, past month). This study will also address the implications of the results and the need for future research in this area.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the substance use behaviors of middle school students participating in a national health behavior survey. 2. Explore the relationship between school satisfaction, GPA, and type of schooling on substance use behavior among middle school students. 3. Discuss the implications of the results as a means for intervening in middle school substance use behaviors.

Keywords: Adolescents, Substance Abuse

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been employed in higher education for over 10 years and have been conducting behavioral research for over 12 years. I have presented at APHA in previous years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.