236904 Health Vulnerability of Commercial Sex Workers and their Risky Sexual Behaviors: Results of the Nationally Survey of South Korea, 2008-2009

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Minsoo Jung, PhD, MPH , Center for Community-Based Research, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA
The STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) has consistently become a domain of public health administration due to its high prevalence in the vulnerable population. The WHO estimated that 340 million new cases of STIs had occurred throughout the world in 1999 in men and women aged 15-49 years old. However, there is barely any data available that reveals the health weakness and the prevalence within these marginalized groups. In particular, the Korean government had difficulty in identifying the basic prevalence and health status of the industrialized CSWs (Commercial Sex Workers). The proposed study is to identify collective health problems and to articulate which risky health behaviors can lead to STIs in the sexually susceptible population. The National CSWs Survey Data was used by the Korea Federation for HIV/AIDS Prevention (N=1,100). The data was collected as followed: After receiving the informed consent with attendance of a civil witness to prove the appropriateness of the survey process, skillful interviewers facilitated CSWs to answer the questionnaire on the sexual behaviors, while laboratory technicians obtained urine, oropharyngeal swab and blood samples. Samples are tested for HIV, gonorrhea, pallidum, and trachomatis. According to this study, it is necessary to develop cooperation between the governmental sectors, and to have participation of related academic associations and advocacy groups to progress in effective STIs control. Many STIs are treatable, but effective cures are lacking. Thus, we should attempt to intervene in CSW groups by establishing effective commercial sex surveillance in order to protect both CSW's and the population's health.

Learning Areas:
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Analyze STD prevalence rates of Korean CSWs. 2. Articulate the characteristics of risky sexual behaviors and health status of CSWs. 3. Develop a STDs surveillance system for marginalized sex workers.

Keywords: STD, Sex Workers

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have participated in 11 research projects as a research fellow, and have presented several papers in professional meetings including the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA). In particular, I have received 15 academic awards throughout my career from governmental and academic institutions. By now, I am the first author of more than 30 peer-reviewed journal articles that utilize statistical and social network models. I have also taught undergraduate- and graduate-level courses related to these issues over the last three years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

See more of: HIV/AIDS & Social Justice
See more of: HIV/AIDS