236923 Relationship between intimate partner violence and stable partner characteristics among female sex workers in China

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 12:50 PM

Chen Zhang , School of Rural Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Health, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
Yan Hong, PhD , Department of Social and Behavioral Health, Texas A&M School of Rural Public Health, College Station, TX
Xiaoming Li , Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
Bo Wang, PhD , Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI
Background: Literature documents the high prevalence and severity of Intimate partner violence (IPV) against female sex workers (FSW). However, most literature came from western countries and data were scarce from developing countries. Existing studies on IPV against FSW have focused on the characteristics of FSW and the consequences of IPV; limited data are available regarding the characteristics of FSW's partners and their relationships with IPV. Methods: A sample of 1,022 FSWs was recruited through community outreach from nine different types of commercial sex establishments in two cities of Southwest China. The participants completed a self-administered cross-sectional survey containing scales on violence from intimate partners and correlates of partner relationship. Results: Among 743 FSW who had stable partners, 58% reported ever experiencing IPV. Experience of IPV was significantly associated with education of both FSWs (aOR=0.70, 95% CI=0.50, 0.99) and their stable partners (aOR=0.59, 95%CI=0.42, 0.83), and types of intimate partners (e.g. boyfriends, lovers, or spouse). After controlling for potential confounders, IPV was highly associated characteristics of partner, including partner alcohol abuse, (aOR=1.67, 95%CI=1.23, 2.28), having multiple partners (aOR=2.62, 95% CI=1.69, 4.08), and frictions between FSW and partner (aOR=4.30, 95% CI=2.96, 6.24). A dose-response relationship between IPV and partner relationship has been detected (β=0.20, 95% CI=0.03, 0.07). Conclusion: IPV against FSWs in China was prevalent; the characteristics of partners were strongly associated with IPV experienced by FSW. Culturally appropriate and effective interventions are urgently needed to address the IPV against FSW, especially programs that incorporate their partners.

Learning Areas:
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1.Assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence against female sex workers (FSWs) in China. 2.Examine the relationship between partner characteristics and the IPV experienced by FSWs. 3.Explore culturally appropriate structural interventions that incorporate partners to reduce the violence against FSW

Keywords: Violence, Vulnerable Populations

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am fully involved in this program implementation and result dissemination.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.