236961 Predictors of binge drinking in a California sample: Demographics and health conditions

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 3:10 PM

Minjeong Kim, RN, MSN , Department of Community Health Systems, UCSF, San Francisco, CA
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the predictors of binge drinking using a 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data. Methods: The sample of 987 from the 2007 CHIS data reported age, sex, race, chronic health conditions (hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes), psychological distress, and binge drinking. Binary logistic regression was used to identify whether demographics and health conditions predicted binge drinking. Results: The full model with five independent variables (age, sex, race, chronic diseases, and distress) explained 8.4% and 12.9 % of the total variance in binge drinking (Chi-square(df)= 86.519(6), p< .05). People in younger age group (18-35 years old) are more likely to have binge drinking in past year compared to people in middle age (36-64 years old, OR: 2.10, 95% CI: 1.40, 3.15) or older age group (65-85 years old, OR: 5.68, 95% CI: 3.23, 10), controlling for other variables in the model. Males are more likely to have binge drinking compared to females (OR: 2.46, 95% CI: 1.79, 3.39). Whites are more likely to have binge drinking compared to non-whites (OR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.11, 2.26). However, chronic diseases and distress were not significantly associated with binge drinking. Conclusions: In the CHIS data, age, sex, and race were significant predictors for binge drinking. However, chronic diseases and distress were not significant. Further research studies on the association between health status and binge drinking are necessary.

Learning Areas:
Other professions or practice related to public health
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related education
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Identify significant predictors for binge drinking in adults from the CHIS data

Keywords: Alcohol Use, Alcohol Problems

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I oversee programs such as disease prevention, environmental and consumer safety and substance abuse prevention and treatment programs
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.