237482 Predictors of HPV vaccination in African American minority college men

Monday, October 31, 2011

Purvi Mehta, MS , Health Promotion & Education Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
Manoj Sharma, PhD , Health Promotion & Education, University of Cincinnati & Walden University, Cincinnati, OH
Anders Cedergren, MEd, CHES , Health Promotion and Education, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
Background: Humanpapilloma virus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/STI), leading to cervical and anal cancers. Annually, 6.2 million people are newly diagnosed with HPV and 20 million currently are diagnosed. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 51.1% of men carry multiple strains of HPV. Recently, HPV vaccine was approved for use in boys and men to help reduce the numbers of HPV cases. The purpose of this study was to use health belief model (HBM) to predict acceptance of HPV vaccine in minority college men. Methods: The study uses a cross sectional design with 197 African American undergraduate students at a large Midwestern public University (alpha 0.05, power 0.80 and population correlation coefficient of 0.20). A valid and reliable scale that measures perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action and self-efficacy from the health belief model has been used. Multiple regression modeling was done to ascertain relationships between HBM predictors and acceptability of the vaccine in men. Results: HBM is a robust model to predict HPV vaccine acceptability in college men. Self-efficacy, cues to action, and perceived susceptibility were found to contribute to vaccine acceptance in African American college men taking the HPV vaccine. Conclusions: Health education interventions can be designed based on HBM to enhance acceptability of HPV vaccine in African American college men. Recommendations for future research are discussed.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe how health belief model (HBM) has been used to predict acceptance of HPV vaccine in African American college men. 2. Evaluate the cross sectional design and methodology of the study. 3. Discuss how health belief model (HBM) can be used to design health education interventions to promote HPV vaccine acceptability in African American college men.

Keywords: Male Reproductive Health, Minority Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I conducted the study
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.