238364 Theater as an educational tool in prostate cancer awareness

Monday, October 31, 2011

Shakiera Causey, MA, QMHP , Psychology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC
Jonathan Livingston, PhD , Department of Psychology, North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC
Les Brinson, PhD , Psychology, NC Central University, Durham, NC
Dwayne Brandon, PhD , Department of Psychology, NC Central University, Durham, NC
African American men have the leading number of incident reports among all men with prostate cancer. The American Cancer Society (2007) estimated that there were 152,900 new cancer cases among African Americans. The fact that 37% of African American Males are being diagnosed with prostate cancer, and the fact that 13% of African American males are estimated to die, is detrimental to the longevity of the African American community; thus, more research is needed. The current study examined the effectiveness of theater in comparison to standard workshop/lecture in educating African American Males about prostate cancer. Employing a retrospective/pre-post test design, 127 men were recruited for theater and standard workshop/lectures. Utilizing paired-sample t-test, and independent t-test, researchers assessed the effectiveness of theater in increasing participants' knowledge and awareness about prostate cancer in comparison to standard workshop/lecture. Results of the study indicated that there were statistically significant increases in knowledge for playgoers before and after the play. Participants also, reported statistically significant increases in the likelihood of engaging in healthy pro-social prostate related behaviors. In addition, results of the study indicated that the increase in knowledge for participants in the standard workshop/lecture was greater than the increase in knowledge for participants in that of theater. Thus for men, standard workshop/lecture proved to be more effective in educating African American men about prostate cancer. The findings suggest that further research will be needed to identify more innovative educational tools to increase knowledge and alter health related behaviors.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss and identify pro-social prostate related behaviors. Compare increase in prostate cancer knowledge delivered in standard workshop/lecture format versus theatrical play. Demonstrate that theater is an effective tool in providing education about proster cancer.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I have served as principal investigator for community based health disparity and social behavior research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.