239778 Effects of parenting role identity, role position and infant care competence on infant motor development in Taiwan Birth Cohort Study: The mediation effect of parent-child interaction

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Dai-Chan Lin, MS , School of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
Yi-Chen Chiang, PhD , School of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
Meng-Chih Lee, MD, PhD, MPH , Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung City, Taiwan
Tung-liang Chiang, phD , Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of public health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Previous studies rarely focused on healthy infants' motor development, and national birth cohort studies in Taiwan were insufficient. It was known that parent-child interaction has significant influence on infant motor development, and the effect of mother-infant attachment on infants' development is stronger than father-infant attachment. However, the different mediation effects of mother-infant and father-infant interaction between perceived parenting role and infants' motor development were ambiguous. The purposes of the study were: (1) to understand healthy infants' motor development in Taiwan; (2) to investigate the effects of parenting role identity, position and infant care competence on infant's motor development; (3) to test the mediation effect of parent-child interaction. Data was derived from the 1st to the 3rd waves of the Taiwan Birth Cohort Study-Pilot Database. The infants were classified into two categories (complete / incomplete development) according to the developmental milestone. GEE and Random effects model were used to clarify the long-term effects, and Aroian test equation of the Sobel test were used to check the mediation effects. The rate of infants who complete development in 6 months was 30.30%, but the rates were higher in 18 and 36 months (80.01% and 90.59%, respectively). Mothers' perceived infant care competence was the most important factor of infants' motor development, and this was partially mediated through mother-infant interaction. However, father's perceived competence was completely mediated through father-infant interaction on the infants' motor development. In conclusion, the mother's perceived competence must be strengthened, and the father-infant interaction should be emphasized on a daily basis.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related education
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe healthy infants’ motor development in Taiwan; 2. Demonstrate the effects of parenting role identity, position and infant care competence on infant motor development; 3. Analyze the mediation effect of parent-child interaction.

Keywords: Infant Health, Family Involvement

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I am responsible for completing this research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.