240083 Incidence of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia: The results from a national survey

Monday, October 31, 2011

Chyi-Huey Bai , School of Public Health, School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, Taipei, Taiwan
Tzu-Ling Chen , Division of Health Promotion for Adults and the Elderly, Bureau of health promotion, Department of health, R.O.C( Taiwan ), Taichung City, Taiwan
Wen-Lin Hu , Bureau of Health Promotion, Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, Taiwan, Taichung City, Taiwan
Chien-An Sun , Department of Public Health, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Taiwan, Taipei, Taiwan
Yu-Hsuan Lin , Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, The Executive Yuan, Taiwan (ROC), Taichung, Taiwan
Incidence of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are lacking in Taiwan. We aim to perform a nationwide population-based survey, named the Taiwanese Survey on Prevalence of Hypertension, Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipidemia (TwSHHH), to estimate the incidence rates of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. In 2002, a total of 6600 in 7578 subjects enrolled in a survey and collected complete data from interview and physical examination. There was 5942 survival and 658 dead collected in 5yr follow-up. Of them, 4682 subjects completed questionnaire interview, measurement of blood pressure, and collection of blood and urine samples, and followed disease outcome by insurance and death data. The subjects in 2002 who were free of the hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia were used to estimate the relevant incidence. The 5yrs cumulative incidence was 24.2 of hypertension, 7.3 of hyperglycemia, 20.4 of hyperlipidemia. In general, these incidences had gender difference, increased with aging and varying with resident region. Men had higher incidence than women, especially in those subjects age ranged 15-40 yrs. However, an inverse appeared in age group 40-59 yrs. Among those age over 60 yrs, over 6.5% men and 7.5% women had incident hypertension, over 1.3% men and 1.5% women had incident hyperglycemia, and over 3.5% had incident hyperlipidemia in 5yrs following. Our findings emphasize the urgent need to develop national strategies for the prevention and detection, especially those over 60 years, of the hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in Taiwan.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention
Epidemiology
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Describe the 5yrs cumulative incidence of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia separateally in individuals aged 15+ yrs from a national survey.

Keywords: Hypertension, Diabetes

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been involved in data collection and paper presentation
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.