240423 Needs Assessment on HBV Biospecimen Research in Chinese Americans

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Wanzhen Gao, PhD , Center for Asian Health, Department of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Grace X. Ma, PhD , Department of Public Health, Center for Asian Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Yin Tan, MD , Center for Asian Health, Department of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Background: There is a paucity of information on recruitment of minority participants, especially Asian Americans, for biospecimen research. Objective: The purpose of this needs assessment study was to have a better understanding of Chinese American cultural beliefs, attitudes, perceived barriers and intentions to participate in HBV related biospecimen research, as well as receive recommendations for developing and implementing a culturally appropriate education intervention. Methods: Focus groups and in-depth interviews were used for data collection. Two focus groups with Chinese community lay members (n=20) and 8 in-depth interviews with Chinese community leaders who represent four Chinese CBOs were conducted in November 2009. Results: Forty percent of the participants indicated that blood donation may be harmful to one's health. Participants expressed that if the research effect had close connection or direct benefit, they would be more willing to participate. About one-third of the participants expressed willingness to donate blood for future HBV biospecimen research for the reason of advancing science. All participants stated that culturally appropriate education is important and urgently needed. They suggested that the education program should be carried out with community leaders in order to achieve its success. They also indicated the importance of training community health workers so that they can clearly articulate the purpose of the program to the community members. Conclusion: Findings from the focus groups and in-depth interviews with community leaders and members provided us with solid evidence and profound insights for developing culturally appropriate intervention to increase biospecimen research in Chinese Americans .

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the session, participants will be able to identify the socio-cultural factors related to biospecimen research participation Among Chinese Americans. By the end of the session, participants will be able to apply results of this study to development of an intervention strategy that would improve the participation of HBV related biospecimen research among Chinese Americans.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Program Leader of the study to be presented.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.