240524 Organizational Factors Associated with Health Information Technology Adoption and Utilization among Home Health / Hospice Agencies

Monday, October 31, 2011

Jordan Mitchell, MBA , South Carolina Rural Health Research Center, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
Kevin Bennett, PhD , Family & Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC
Janice C. Probst, PhD , University of South Carolina, South Carolina Rural Health Research Center, Columbia, SC
Background: Health Information Technology (HIT) has been seen to improve care coordination and promote patient safety. One area of interest, when describing the coordination of care, is home health, as it acts as a transitional form of care. The purpose of this study is to: 1) identify the EMR adoption rate among a sample of Home Health / Hospice facilities in a national survey, and 2) to determine what organizational factors are associated with EMR adoption. Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed 1,036 facilities from the 2007 National Home and Hospice Care Survey (NHHCS) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). There were two dependent variables used in this study: use of an EMR system and use of point-of-care technology. All differences were tested using Wald Chi Square Tests. Multivariate ordinary least squares logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the organizational characteristics that were significantly associated with the outcomes of EMR and point-of-care technology use. Results: Home health agencies and agencies that provide both home health and hospice services and that are non-profit and are significantly more likely to use an EMR system, as compared to hospice only facilities. Home Health, hospice, and mixed agencies with not-for-profit status had higher percentages of point-of-care technology usage, as compared to for profit agencies. Conclusion: After controlling for various organizational and spatial factors, not-for-profit ownership status and the number of patients were significantly associated with using an EMR system and point-of-care technologies within home health and hospice agencies.

Learning Areas:
Communication and informatics
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the EMR adoption rate among a sample of Home Health / Hospice facilities from a national survey. Identify what organizational factors are associated with EMR adoption and use of point of care technology.

Keywords: Health Management Information Systems, Home Care

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I have lead Health Information Technology projects and have experience in Home Health Care research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.