240574 Property Rights, HIV Prevention, and Violence: Examining the Impact of a Community Land and Property Watch Dog Model in Western Kenya

Wednesday, November 2, 2011: 12:30 PM

Shari Dworkin, PhD, MS , Social and Behavioral Sciences and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Tiffany Lu, BA , School of Medicine, UCSF, San Francisco, CA
Robert Salerno, BS , Global Health Sciences, UCSF, San Francisco, CA
Zachary Kwena, MA , Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenyan Medica Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya
Elizabeth Bukusi, PHD , Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenyan Medica Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya
Background: Despite the recognized need for structural HIV prevention interventions, little work in the science base has integrated women's property and inheritance rights and HIV/AIDS prevention. The University of California at San Francisco partnered with the Kenyan Medical Research Institute to conduct research focused on a Community Land and Property “Watchdog Model,” a community-led program created by GROOTS-Kenya to reduce women's disinheritance and asset stripping in the context of their disproportionate risks for HIV and violence. The current research project examines the impact of the Watchdog Model, including its HIV and violence-related impacts in two rural areas of Western Kenya where HIV prevalence is 24% and 30%, and property rights violations are common. Methods: We carried out 80 in-depth interviews: 20 with women and men who developed and implemented the model, 30 community mediators who help to secure women's property rights, and 30 women who received property rights assistance within the Community Land and Property Watch Dog program. Findings: We examine: a) the development and implementation of community-led programming at the intersection of property rights, HIV, and violence b) the strategies used at the individual, familial, and community level to secure women's property rights and address their HIV and violence risks, and c) the perceived impact of the Watch Dog model on HIV prevention and violence reduction. Conclusions: We consider facilitators and barriers to securing women's property rights in this region, and make recommendations for science-based researchers interested in the integration of property rights, violence, and HIV prevention interventions.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify the links between a lack of property rights and women's HIV and violence risks Describe the ways in which a community led property rights WatchDog Model was developed and implementd Understand the health related impacts of the Watch Dog Model Assess the barriers to securing women's property rights in this region of the world (Western, rural Kenya) Identify 2 next steps that scientific researchers can take who are interested in the intersection of property rights, HIV prevention, and anti-violence

Keywords: Women and HIV/AIDS, Community Collaboration

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Im nationally and internationally experiences in the area of gender relations and HIV prevention Im known for the intersection of structural interventions and HIV prevention given my publications and research agenda
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

See more of: HIV/AIDS & Human Rights
See more of: HIV/AIDS