240767 Teatro del Oprimido: Using theatre to increase empowerment, self-efficacy, and cervical cancer screening among Latinas

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Jessica L. Gregg, MD PhD , Division of General Internal Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR
Omar Vargas, research assistant , Oregon Clinical and Translational Research Institute, Oregon Heatlh and Science University, Portland, OR
Rosemary Celaya-Alston, MS , Familias en Accion, Portland, OR
Marco Mejia , Oregon Clinical and Translational Research Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR
Background: Our previous research investigating barriers to cervical cancer prevention among Latino immigrants from Mexico found that that many immigrants believed that the Pap smear screens for STDs, including AIDS, and that men have a significant influence over their partners' health seeking behaviors. Our current research investigates the use of Teato del Oprimido (Theatre of the Oppressed) as an effective way to disseminate information about screening to a low-literacy, frequently disenfranchised population, while also empowering participants to feel that they can actively intervene for their own health. Methods: Our community based steering committee, community based cancer survivors, and academic partners jointly developed a theatre piece about cervical cancer prevention using techniques of Teatro del Oprimido, which encourages audience members to interrupt the play's action and change actors' decisions and consequences. Pre and post surveys as well as participant observation measure results in terms of knowledge acquisition, self-efficacy, and empowerment. Results: The theatre workshops are currently being successfully implemented and evaluated at several community sites throughout Oregon. Conclusions/Discussion: Our previous research uncovered misconceptions about the Pap smear and demonstrated that Latino men should be involved in discussions regarding women's health. Our community partners stressed that passive dissemination of information is not sufficient to achieve meaningful change. Using Teatro del Oprimido, and targeting both men and women, we have wed informational and empowerment based objectives

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Explain the theory behind Teatro del Oprimido 2. Demonstrate how Teatro del Oprimido uses theatre to analyze and transform social conditions 3. Discuss the use of Teatro del Oprimido to promote cancer prevention among Latino immigrants

Keywords: Community-Based Public Health, Cervical Cancer

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I have have been the principal investigator or co-investigator on several NIH funded projects whose primary goal is to decrease cancer disparities among immigrants residing in Oregon.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.