241103 Racial and Ethnic Differences in Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Use in the US, 2007

Monday, October 31, 2011

Dawn M. Upchurch, PhD , School of Public Health Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Bethany Wexler Rainisch, MPH , Department of Community Health Sciences, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA
There is growing interest in better understanding racial and ethnic disparities in use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), in particular, provider-based CAM such as acupuncture and TCM. By identifying and characterizing racial and ethnic patterns in acupuncture and TCM use, providers and public health program and policy makers can be better informed and develop culturally competent outreach. Using data from the 2007 CAM supplement of the National Health Interview Survey, this study will investigate prevalence of use among Whites, African Americans, Latinos, and Asians, using a nationally representative sample of adults. We will examine these differences separately for men and women. Weighted bivariate and multivariate logistic regression methods will be used. The specific questions addressed in the analysis are: 1) What is the prevalence of recent acupuncture use in the US and how does it vary across racial and ethnic groups? 2) What are the most common health reasons for use and do these health reasons depend on race and ethnicity? 3) What are the patterns of acupuncture use (e.g., frequency) and to what extent do users believe acupuncture helped their condition? Does frequency and satisfaction vary by race/ethnicity? 4) To what extent are Americans using acupuncture for health and well-being and maintenance of wellness; and again what are the race/ethnic differentials? 5) Last, to what extent is acupuncture used in conjunction with conventional medicine for treatment of a specific condition? A major advantage of this study over much of the other CAM research is the high-quality of the NHIS data, specifically with respect to external validity and generalizability.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Other professions or practice related to public health
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1.State the prevalence of recent acupuncture use in the US and describe the differences in prevalence across race and ethnic groups, separately by gender. 2.Describe the health conditions for which acupuncture is sought and any racial or ethnic differences. 3.Describe how often users go for acupuncture and the extent to which they believe acupuncture improved their health condition and any racial/ethnic variability. 4.Describe how acupuncture is being used for wellness and preventive care and whether there are racial/ethnic differences in these practices. 5.Describe if and how acupuncture is used in conjunction with conventional medicine. 6.Discuss possible implications of findings with regard to public health outreach and health education.

Keywords: Alternative Medicine/Therapies, Health Behavior

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a public health professor who focuses on women's health, and complementary and alternative medicine such as acupuncture and traditional chinese medicine.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.