241146 A GIS Model to Reduce Risk Factors for Pregnant and Parenting Mothers

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Robert Lucio, PhD , Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Maridelys Detres, MA , Healthy Start Coalition of Pinellas, Inc., Largo, FL
Spatial analysis uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to capture, store, analyze, and display geographically referenced data. This session will provide one example that used GIS to enhance the evaluation in the human services: The use of GIS yearly to examine maternal and child health indicators. Discussion of will cover how one community coalition uses the resulting maps to evaluate areas of greatest need for services. Risk factors are mapped by zip code to determine where funding and services are most necessary. The risk factors include preterm births, low birth weight, 3 year average infant and fetal mortality, teen pregnancy, maternal Body Mass Index (BMI), and overweight/obesity rates of mothers. The maps are shared with community members to identify intervention strategies that may have lead to increases or decreases over time in risk factors and fetal/infant death rates. Using mapping allows community members to visualize their neighborhoods, personalize the data their surrounding area, and offer insights into their communities. The resulting maps and specific examples of their use within the community will be discussed.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning

Learning Objectives:
Compare the prevalence of maternal and child outcomes across different neighborhoods Describe the process of integrating mapping and community feedback to develop strategies for addressing risk factors for poor birth outcomes Discuss how communities can use GIS data to improve the delivery of MCH services

Keywords: Maternal and Child Health, Geographic Information Systems

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualiified to present because I am responsible for mapping the risk factros for the community coaltion
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.