242685 Utility of Nicotine Inhalers Among Inpatients at a New York State Mental Health Facility

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Deirdre Wheat, MD, MPH, MMedSci, PCME , Buffalo Psychiatric Center and Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University at Buffalo, New York State Office of Mental Health and University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY
Well-described in scientific literature, tobacco addiction is particularly prevalent among patients with psychiatric diagnoses. Various nicotine replacement alternatives are available to individuals who require nicotine replacement. Nicotine patches, gum, lozenges, and inhalers are commonly available across the United States (though restrictions on prescribing and use do exist).

In the New York State mental health system, nicotine inhalers have become an increasingly popular choice for nicotine replacement among inpatients that are smokers at the time of admission to acute-care hospitals, whether their goal is short-term nicotine replacement or permanent smoking cessation. However, little is known about the motivation(s) for choosing nicotine inhaler use as compared to other forms of nicotine replacement. Moreover, the effect of nicotine inhaler use on long-term smoking cessation is unclear. Furthermore, sparse data exists regarding the relationship of nicotine inhaler use to the behavioral component of tobacco addiction. Finally, the effects of nicotine inhalers on relationships between patients (e.g. a source of friction and/or jealousy) has not been explored in detail.

The authors present a review of 50 patient records from a mental health facility in New York State. This review aims to characterize the use of nicotine inhalers among inpatients who are known to be active smokers at time of admission to the facility. Personal and group behavior issues related to nicotine inhaler use among a subset of inpatients is explored. Additionally, the long-term effectiveness of nicotine inhalers as part of smoking cessation strategies is assessed and discussed.

Learning Areas:
Clinical medicine applied in public health
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. List nicotine replacement options available to mental health inpatients. 2. Compare the costs, risks, and benefits of the different nicotine replacement options available. 3. Describe the trends and goals of nicotine inhaler use among this group of mental health inpatients. 4. Discuss the utility of nicotine inhalers in terms of tobacco cessation. 5. Explain the barriers to tobacco cessation that are common among mental health service recipients.

Keywords: Tobacco Control, Mental Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I provide direct medical care to inpatients at a New York State Mental Health facility. I am Board Certified in both Internal Medicine and Preventive Medicine. I am Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at University at Buffalo. In addition to a medical degree, I have an MPH degree, a MMedSci degree (Master of Medical Science in Health Promotion), and a PCME (Postgraduate Certificate in Medical Education).
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.