242959 Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Assess and Address Job-Associated Hazards in Pregnant Farmworkers in Florida

Monday, October 31, 2011

Linda A. McCauley, PhD , School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Eugenia Economos , Farmworker Association of Florida, Apopka, FL
Joan Flocks, JD , College of Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
Maureen Kelley, PhD, MS, CNM , School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Antonio Tovar, MA , Farmworker Association of Florida, Apopka, FL
Few studies have examined the specific risks to pregnant women in the agricultural workforce. Exposure to agricultural chemicals is a major occupational and reproductive hazard and other factors such as long periods of standing and exposure to heat and dehydration have the potential to impact the health of pregnant women and their unborn children. This exploratory study is a partnership between investigators from Emory University, the University of Florida, the Farmworker Association of Florida, and the Farmworker Health and Safety Institute and brings together experts in community-based participatory research and methods of education and organizing farmworkers. The study team has extensive scientific and clinical expertise in occupational exposures and maternal health. Using focus group methodology, we are currently examining perceptions of work hazards and pregnancy health among female farmworkers who work in nursery and fernery operations in Florida.

In upcoming years, we will assess biomarkers of pesticide exposure and the extent to which exposures to heat and ergonomic challenges impact pregnancy outcomes in a subsample of participants. The goal of this community-based participatory research is to develop culturally and linguistically-appropriate educational materials that emphasize health promoting and protective behaviors during pregnancy for female farmworkers. These materials will be disseminated to farmworkers and the health and scientific community through farmworker community public forums, peer-reviewed journal articles, presentations at professional conferences and, and web-based publications.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Environmental health sciences
Occupational health and safety
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
After viewing the poster learners will be able to: -Describe the steps involved in a community-based participatory research model. -List job-associated risks to pregnant migrant farmworkers. -Describe some of the ways the farmworkers felt they were being exposed to risks in the workplace. -Compare the differences between the farmworker perspective and the healthcare provider perspective.

Keywords: Immigrant Women, Community Collaboration

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am coinvestigator on the grant, and have conducted some of thecommunity based interviews with health care providers
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.