243151 Impact of Acculturation on NYC Latino Adolescent Dating Violence

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Melissa DuPont-Reyes, MPH , Department of Epidemiology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ
Leslie L. Davidson, MD, MSc , Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY
Vaughn I. Rickert, PsyD , School of Medicine and Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN
Deborah A. Fry, MA, MPH , Child Protection Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
Harriet Lessel, LCSW , New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault, New York, NY
Background. CDC states 25% of adolescents report abuse from a dating partner annually. The effect of acculturation on physical dating violence (PDV) is unclear- prior research studies in Mexican youth show that acculturation may be either a risk or protective factor. This study explores whether acculturation increases the rate of PDV among predominantly Dominican youth. Methods. In 2007, 816 dating NYC Latino youth aged 13-21 years from 4 public high-schools participated in an ACASI survey in either English or Spanish (“Partners and Peers”). To measure acculturation, we combined 3 variables: nativity, language spoken at home, survey language chosen. PDV experienced as a victim and/or perpetrator in the previous year was obtained using the CADRI survey. Complete analysis will include prevalence, and preliminary bivariate/multivariate logistic regression. Results. Among dating participants, 78% are US born, 60% predominantly speak English at home, and 94% chose the English survey. PDV was experienced as a victim and/or perpetrator by 39% born in the US, 43% who predominantly speak English at home, and 39% using the English survey. Survey language and language spoken at home were statistically associated with PDV (p-value <.01, 0.11); however, nativity was not (0.43). The more acculturated Latino youth experienced a greater rate of PDV when compared to low acculturated Latino youth (low-level:29%, intermediate-level:33%, high-level:44%). Conclusions. Acculturated Latino youth in NYC experience increased PDV when compared to low-acculturated Latino youth. Interventions for Latino youth dating violence can benefit from findings that culture norms and values may be protective of their health.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the frequency of physical dating violence among NYC dating Latino youth. 2. Design a proxy measure of acculturation using available data on language usage and nativity. 3. Describe the association between acculturation and physical dating violence experienced as a victim and/or perpetrator among dating Latino youth in NYC.

Keywords: Adolescent Health, Latino Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I conduct fieldwork research at Columbia's Youth Violence Prevention Center for my Master's degree from UMDNJ in the area of adolescent dating violence, while specifically focusing on the Latino youth in NYC.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.