245451 Importance of comparable state and local health survey data for research to improve population health

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 12:48 PM

Barry Portnoy, PhD , Office of Disease Prevention, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
Lina S. Balluz, ScD, MPH , Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services, Centers for disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Population health is the ultimate measure of how well public health institutions are serving their populations. Population health surveys provide extensive health-related information on the entire population regardless of whether they use health services. Population health data at local and state levels are needed to address disparities in health and to evaluate and monitor progress in achieving the goals of national health care reform. Numerous studies, reports and policy papers have urged local data collection. In response to this need, the CDC BRFSS program has added local estimates to its state surveillance system. In 2008, several NIH Institutes and Offices co-funded a study by UCLA to inventory statewide local health surveys across the US to identify states with comprehensive health surveys that collect data on at least one local sampling stratum. In order to harmonize population-based health surveys, an important next step is to explore whether independent and BRFSS survey leaders in states with innovative surveys can work together to coordinate state and local surveys to create a harmonized system of national, statewide and local health that can better serve the needs of local policymakers, advocates, health services researchers and better inform federal health policy. We examine data collection techniques used to accurately represent small areas and populations, and how data have been used to identify disparities and other public health issues. We further discuss how to harmonize local health surveys with each other, with other sources of local health data, and with national health data for improving population health.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe one example each of national, state and local health surveys. 2. List two barriers in bringing to fruition the objective of a national, state and local health survey system. 3. Provide two examples of health concerns that local health survey data has addressed to improve population health in specific communities.

Keywords: Data Collection, Public Health Policy

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I serve as Senior Advisor for Disease Prevention, Office of Disease Prevention (ODP), Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health. My current responsibilities include coordinating the NIH portion of Healthy People 2010 and stimulating collaborative prevention research projects. Prior to joining ODP I was with the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Division of Cancer Prevention. I also served as the NCI coordinator for the Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2000 and 2010 Objectives as well as serving on NIH's Prevention Coordinators Committee and the NIH Behavior and Social Science Coordinating Committee. I held teaching appointments at the University of Virginia and the University of Maryland. I also served as an evaluation consultant to the National High Blood Pressure Education Program, the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disease, the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion and the Department of Education.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.