245698 Reducing the Incidence of Breast Cancer in African American Women

Monday, October 31, 2011: 4:30 PM

Samala Jackson, RN BSN BA , School of Nursing, La Salle University, Philadelphia, PA
Background and Issues: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among African American women. “An estimated 19,540 new cases of breast cancer occurred among African American women in 2009” (Takakuma et al., 2008. P. 1393). Women who follow breast cancer screening recommendations are more likely to have their cancer treated and detected at and very early stage thus leading to a decrease in breast cancer mortality rates. Description: Women of Faith and Hope (WOFAH) is a breast cancer support group located in Philadelphia that helps to increase cancer awareness and decrease breast cancer deaths through education, bridges to mammograms and other forms of breast cancer screening. Assessment of WOFAH began September 2010. The Precede Proceed Model was utilized. Assessment of WOFAH showed a need for initiating bridges from the female consumer to diagnostic testing sites. While there are various diagnostic testing sites in Philadelphia offering free mammograms, there are no programs in place to bridge the female consumer to diagnostic facilities. Implementation of the project began January 2011. Two seminars were developed to educate WOFAH participants, and females in the community about breast cancer and programs such as Women in Need (WIN). WIN is a program that offers free mammograms and other resources to women of low socioeconomic status. Lesson learned: While needed resources may exist, if there is a lack of community education of the resources, they are ineffective. Recommendations: The education of WOFAH participants and the community can help to disperse information regarding diagnostic testing sites.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the knowledge of breast cancer in the African American community. 2. Identify early detection practices in the African American community.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Work was completed as part of a graduate student project
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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