246304 Exposure of non-smoking US adolescents to environmental tobacco smoke in selected settings: Trends between 1999 and 2009

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Russell K. McIntire, MPH, BA , Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
While tobacco control efforts in the U.S. have shown many successes, the positive results have not been equal for all population groups. Tobacco control efforts have reduced the amount of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in the general population by 70% since 1988, but the populations that have experienced the least decline are infants and children (CDC, 2010). Research estimates that 15 million (22%) children in the U.S. are exposed to ETS each day, putting them at higher risk for development of cancers, sudden infant death syndrome, and a multitude of respiratory illnesses. Many studies have documented the dangerous effects of exposure to ETS on child health, yet few discuss exposure in specific settings including cars (ETSC), rooms (ETSR), and homes (ETSH). Since 1999, the American Legacy Foundation and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have been using the National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) to collect data about the self-reported frequency of ETSR, ETSC, and ETSH exposure among U.S. middle and high school students. Despite the availability of this information, there is a lack of studies examining ETSR, ETSC, and ETSH trends over the past decade, and how these compare with trends of other variables important to assessing the tobacco-related burden among adolescents. This presentation will discuss results from analyses of settings-specific trends of ETS exposure among non-smoking adolescents using 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006 and 2009 NYTS data, and discuss how this information can be used for tobacco control programs and policies at the state and national levels.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe national trends of self-reported ETS exposure in cars, rooms, and homes among U.S. non-smoking adolescents between 1999-2009. Describe analyses of national trends of self-reported ETS exposure in cars, rooms, and homes among U.S. non-smoking adolescents between 1999-2009. Discuss comparisons of self-reported ETS exposure trends with trends in home smoking rules, smoker at home, and tobacco use among U.S. non-smoking adolescents between 1999-2009.

Keywords: Tobacco Control, Adolescent Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I am a PhD candidate in health behavior and have performed the following research
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.