246312 What are the determinants of physical activity for people in the Southern region?

Wednesday, November 2, 2011: 1:20 PM

Sariyamon Tiraphat, MS , School of Community and Environmental Health, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
Qi (Harry) Zhang, PhD , School of Community and Environmental Health, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
Joshua George Behr, PhD , Virginia Modeling, Analysis and Simulation Center (VMASC), Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
Laurel Shepherd, DNSc, PNP , School of Nursing, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
Adequate physical activity is a major contributor to a healthy living and prolonging life. The disparity in physical activity (PA) remains varied across the geographic areas, with the highest inactivity in South. To reduce the disparity, it needs to investigate the specific details of factors that each region faces. Objectives: determine the individual and environmental determinants of PA for people in the southern area. Method: data from 2007 BRFSS was obtained and linked with external environmental data sources from US Census Bureau, USDA, and NORSIS databases. A two-level logistic regression was analyzed. Outcome variable is meeting PA (yes / no). Individual-level variables include demographic, socio-economic, lifestyle, and health status. Environmental-level variables as a county scale include physical activity built environments (the combination of resources availability per capita of local facilities, green areas, and outdoor activities), socio-economic contexts, natural amenity, crime rate, and the level of urbanization. Results: At the individual level, White, male, consuming more fruits and vegetables, more satisfied with life, higher income, higher education, better health, and younger are significantly positive with meeting PA. At the county level, built environments, natural amenity, and percentage of people with higher education are significantly positive with the meeting PA. Cross-level interaction effect reveal that the association between built environments and PA is significantly decreased for people with low education compared to those with high education. To promote PA for people in the Southern area, this study emphasizes that promoting physical activity built environments and supporting education to the residents need to be accomplished.

Learning Areas:
Environmental health sciences
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe the importance of geographic disparity in physical activity. 2.Discuss the role of individual and environmental determinants related with physical activity for people in Southern region. 3.Discuss that promoting built environments and supporting education are required for being active life in Southern people.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: This work is my dissertation part.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.