246532 Tobacco and Alcohol Use among Young Adults Attending Bars

Monday, October 31, 2011: 12:30 PM

Nan Jiang, PhD , Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Pamela Ling, MD, MPH , Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Background: Tobacco and alcohol use are strongly associated. Bars are key public venues where both substances are frequently used.

Objective: To examine the concurrent use of cigarette and alcohol, and the association between smoking and drinking among young adults aged 18-29 attending bars.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey at bars in San Diego, CA using randomized venue-based sampling (N=512). We categorized cigarette consumption into non-smoker, light smoker, and heavy smoker; smoking status into non-smoker, occasional smoker, and regular smoker; with similar categories for drinking and binge drinking. We assessed smoking and quit effort when drinking alcohol or at bars. We used multinomial logistic regression to examine the association between smoking and drinking controlling for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education; and calculated predicted probabilities of each smoking category by drinking and binge drinking status.

Results: Respondents reported high smoking (49.1%), regular smoking (20.7%), and heavy smoking (16.2%) rates. Of smokers, 88.9% smoked when drinking at bars; 44.0% of regular smokers and 45.3% of heavy smokers smoked all of the time when drinking at bars. Smokers smoked more cigarettes than usual when drinking or when at bars. 80.2% and 68.5% of smokers who tried to quit in past 12 months respectively reported drinking alcohol or being in bars made it harder to quit. Frequent drinkers and binge drinkers respectively showed greater probabilities of smoking, controlling for covariates.

Discussions: Young adults attending bars are at high risk for smoking and concurrent use of cigarette and alcohol. Young adult smoking cessation programs should address alcohol use.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the prevalence of smoking, regular smoking, and heavy smoking among young adults attending bars Discuss the changes in smoking rates in different drinking and binge drinking groups Explain the concurrent use of cigarette and alcohol Describe the association between smoking and drinking and binge drinking status among young adults attending bars

Keywords: Tobacco Control, Alcohol Use

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I analyzed the data for this study. I have published several papers on young people's smoking behavior.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.