246899 Healthy People 2020: Target setting for the dietary intake objectives

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 2:30 PM

WenYen Juan, PhD , Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD
Nancy Crane, MS, MPH, RD , Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD
Introduction. Healthy People 2020 provides health objectives for the nation. National food and nutrient intake objectives are chosen for their public health significance, and enable assessment of the U.S. population's progress in meeting dietary recommendations. Seven Healthy People 2020 dietary intake objectives address topics of increasing consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and calcium; and reducing consumption of sodium, saturated fat and calories from solid fats and added sugars. Progress on these objectives will be assessed using U.S. population mean intakes as the main tracking measures. Methods. In 2010, an interagency work group used a systematic evidence-based approach to propose the Healthy People 2020 targets for the dietary intake objectives with the aim that they would be challenging but potentially achievable, and meaningful with regard to improving public health. For each objective, the target setting approach considered baseline estimates (from NHANES 2001-2004 or 2003-2006) in relation to dietary recommendations, past intake trends and potentially achievable shift in the U.S. population usual intake distribution as tracked by the mean intakes, and target applicability to subpopulations. Results. Based on evidence-based approach, the Healthy People 2020 targets ranged from the 75th to 95th percentile values of the baseline usual intake distribution for objectives aimed at increasing consumption, and from the 10th to 25th percentile values for objectives aimed at reducing consumption. Discussion. The systematic evidence-based approach for setting these 2020 targets was recommended as a preferable method compared to the standard default 2020 target setting method of 10 percent improvement over the baseline.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify the seven Healthy People 2020 national dietary intake objectives and related subobjectives. 2. Describe the systematic evidence-based approach of target setting for these objectives. 3. Discuss the results of the target setting method for these objectives.

Keywords: Food and Nutrition, Dietary Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content because I conducted the data analyses and interpreted and presented the results for the decision. My research concentrates on the nutrition assessment and evaluation, diet quality and food intake patterns, health status, psychosocial factors, and dietary supplement usage for adults, especially the elderly population.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.