246928 A translational public health research framework for implementing nurse-initiated public health policy centers

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Katharine K. Lewis, PhD, MPH, RN , Department of Nursing, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT
Background: Traditional linear definitions of translational research (TR) are inadequate for understanding translational public health research (TPHR). Most TR funding and effort has focused downstream on basic science research which does little to immediately affect population health, the endpoint of TPHR. A model for TPHR that includes contextual factors and is focused further upstream is both ethical and prudent. The TPHR framework proposed by Ogilvie and colleagues (2009) takes into account contextual factors (e.g., the social determinants of health) by incorporating evidence from basic, social, epidemiological and environmental sciences. Central to this framework is evidence synthesis derived from all relevant sources, and used to inform professional practice, policy and the media.

Description: Using Ogilvie and colleagues' (2009) TPHR framework, a nurse-initiated public health policy center (PHPC) was created with a mission to improve public health by providing non-partisan, high-quality research syntheses focused on critical public health policy issues. Nurse researchers, multi-disciplinary clinicians, economists, graduate students, and public health and health care advocates collaborate to synthesize research and inform stakeholders, legislators, professionals and the public about policies relevant to public health.

Lessons Learned: The TPHR framework proposed by Ogilvie and colleagues (2009) is useful for guiding the work of the PHPC, and is particularly relevant for nurses who are engaged in TPHR.

Recommendations: Nurses are uniquely qualified and able to form collaborations and synthesize evidence that contributes to the growing body of TPHR knowledge.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related public policy
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Compare traditional translational research with translational public health research. Describe a translational public health research framework. Describe the role for nurses in translational public health research.

Keywords: Public Health Policy, Nurses

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because public health and policy are my areas of expertise for the past five years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.