247228 Correlates of Job Satisfaction among Public Health Nurses in Six Local Health Departments

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 5:10 PM

Kathleen Baldwin, PhD, RNUIC , College of Nursing, UIC, Peoria, IL
Curt Fenton, MS, RN , Division of Maternal and Child Health, Peoria County Health Department, Peoria, IL
Sarah Fenton, MS, RN-BC , Nursing Department, Tazewell Health Department, Tremont, IL
L. Michele Issel, PhD RN , School of Public Health, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL
Background: A major influence on nurse retention is job satisfaction. Few studies in the recent past have examined job satisfaction among public health nurses. The purpose of this project was to explore public health nurse job satisfaction is six local health departments and the relationship of several organizational variables to that satisfaction.

Methods: The number of respondents surveyed ranged from 2 to 19, consistent with the variation in the size of the participating LHDs. Most of the 69 respondents had a baccalaureate (75%) and had been in their position of case manager, public health nurse or manager for an median of 3 years. They had been at the LHD for a median of 10 years, with a range of less than one year (11%) to 31 years.

Findings: Overall, levels of job satisfaction were near the means reported in the literature for RNs. Within this sample, length of time in the organization was significantly (p<.05) and negatively correlated with satisfaction with coworkers (r=-.27) and interactions (r=-.29). The degree of centralized decision making was also significantly (p<.005) and negatively correlated with five of the eight job satisfaction subscales. Distributive justice has a positive and significant (p,.001) correlation with all job satisfaction subscales.

Conclusion: At least two major variables which affect job satisfaction are modifiable by LHD leadership; centralization of decision making and distributive justice. Also, given that PHNs who have been in the LHD longer are less satisfied with their job, attention to this group is warranted.

Learning Areas:
Administration, management, leadership
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines

Learning Objectives:
1. List the 6 job satisfaction Subscales 2. Describe variations across health departments in levels of job satisfaction. 3. List 3 factors that are correlated with higher job satisfaction.

Keywords: Public Health Nursing, Workforce

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: my expertise is in evaluation of nursing and administrative services.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.