247365 Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among previously deployed U.S Army Soldiers

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Rossybelle Perales, MPH , Biostatistics, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX
Desmond Bibio, MPH , Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program, U.S Army Public Health Command, Gunpowder, MD
Michael Bell, MD, MPH , Occupational Medicine, Uniform Services University of Health Sciences, Gunpowder, MD
Michael Gallaway, PhD , Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program, US Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
David Fink, MPH , Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program, U.S Army Public Health Command, Gunpowder, MD
Amy Millikan, MD, MPH , Disease Epidemiology, US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground-Edgewood, MD
U.S. Army Soldiers have experienced a significant upsurge in mental health related disorders since 2003 when the global war on terrorism began. Since the return of troops from Afghanistan and Iraq, mental healthcare providers have had to grapple with large numbers of redeployed Soldiers and determine ways to properly screen and detect those at a higher risk of adjustment issues, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and traumatic brain injury. Mental health disorders among Soldiers are associated with loss of manpower due to hospitalizations and attrition from Military service. Soldiers are routinely required to participate in a post-deployment health assessment immediately after redeployment (Post Deployment Health Assessment) and also 180 days after redeployment (Post Deployment Health Reassessment). Soldiers may screen positive for PTSD during these routine assessments, or during a medical encounter with a provider. This study utilized Army-wide data ascertained following redeployment and during routine screening and medical encounters, and comprises three components (Active duty, Reserve, and National Guard personnel). Between 2003 and 2009 the prevalence of Soldiers screening positive for PTSD range between 9.0% 22.5% and the prevalence of Soldiers with a medical encounter for PTSD ranged between 1.0% 4.0%.

Learning Areas:
Epidemiology
Occupational health and safety
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the factors associated with medical encounters and positive screening for PTSD among previously deployed Soldiers.

Keywords: Veterans' Health, Mental Illness

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I work as an analyst for the US Army Public Health command in the Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.