247477 Impact on school injuries: A possible school nurse outcome

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 5:10 PM

Erin Maughan, RN, PhD, APHN-BC , College of Nursing, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
Martha Dewey Bergren, DNS RN NCSN FNASN FASHA , School Nursing Consultant, Appleton, WI
Susan Malone, RN MSN NCSN , University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA
Trisha Keller, MPH , Utah Department of Health, Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Salt Lake City, UT
Anna Fondario, MPH , Utah Department of Health, Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Salt lake City, UT
Each year in the United States over 3.7 million school-aged children are injured in the US, with 25% of the injuries occurring at school-related events. Injuries are also a major reason children miss school. Although research has analyzed the type of injuries that require emergency attention and types of injuries occurring on school property, little can be found that analyzes the role of the school or public health nurse in these events. The purpose of this study is to determine how often and to what extent the school nurse is involved in injuries at school, especially if 911 is called. A secondary data analysis of 5 years of data collected in Utah was analyzed to determine frequency, impact and extent of school nurse involvement. Preliminary results in Utah indicated only 11% of injuries were checked by the school nurse; and only 5% of the calls to 911were checked by the school nurse. Yet, 911 is called 4 times a week in Utah Schools. Nurses are often not notified until after the fact. In other states, school nurses are present and impact injury outcomes, including absenteeism. Absenteeism due to injuries may be an appropriate school nurse outcome. The influence of school nurses related to if 911 is called may be another outcome. These data are collected to some extent already in many states and could be comparable across the nation. Further studies related to policies and cost analysis will also be discussed.

Learning Areas:
Administration, management, leadership
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe how school nurses are involved with school injuries. 2. Identify strategies on how school (and public health) nurses can influence school-based injuries and absenteeism related to the injuries. 3. Explain the critical need for population-based outcome research.

Keywords: Outcome Measures, Outcomes Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been involved in the entire research process related to the delphi study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.